Ho hlapa matsoho

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Ho hlapa matsoho[edit | fetola mohloli]

Keketseho e potlakileng ea ts'oaetso ea COVID-19 lefatšeng ka bophara e bakile hore moruo o mongata o koalehe 'me batho ba bangata ba kula haholo' me ba shoa. Ho sebelisitsoe boiteko bo boholo ho thibela ho ata ha coronavirus, le ho fokotsa palo ea tšoaetso e ncha le lefu la COVID-19.


Ha balaoli ba tsa bophelo bo botle ba ntse ba tsoela pele ho sebelisa lisebelisoa tsa saense ho lekola tšoaetso e ncha le saense ea bongaka ho phekola batho ba nang le tšoaetso mme qetellong ho ba le litlhare tse sebetsang le tse thibelang mafu, kaofela ha rona re ka thibela ho ata ha lefu lena. Thibelo ena hangata e ka etsoa ka litšenyehelo tse tlase kapa ho hang, e sebetsa haholo ebile e hloka hore re fetole boitšoaro ba rona e le hore re lule mohato o le mong pele ho itšenya, malapa a rona le sechaba sa rona ka vaerase ena e bolaeang.


Sehloohong sena re tla shebisisa haholo hore na ho hlatsoa matsoho le mekhoa e meng ea bohloeki joang - haeba ho sebelisoa ka nepo - ho ka thibela tšoaetso ka likokoana-hloko tse kotsi le likokoana-hloko. Re shebisisa le mathata ao sechaba se seng se tobaneng le ona ho kenya tšebetsong mekhoa ea bohloeki le hore na mathata ana a ka hlola joang.

Ha u hlatsoa matsoho[edit | fetola mohloli]

Boithuto bo 'maloa bo bontšitse hore mokhoa o le mong o sebetsang hantle haholo hape o theko e tlase oa ho thibela le ho kenyelletsa tšoaetso ea mafu a tšoaetsanoang joalo ka lefu la COVID-19, ke oa hore matsoho a hau a ne a na le sesepa le metsi a phallang. [1] [2] [3] Empa ho bolelang "ho hlatsoa matsoho kamehla" ho bolela? Litsebi tsa bophelo bo botle le tsa mafu li re u lokela ho hlatsoa matsoho kamehla.

  • Kamora ho sebelisa ntloana.
  • Kamora ho hlatsoa ngoana tlase.
  • Pele o fepa ngoana.
  • Pele u pheha lijo le ka mor'a ho tšoara nama e tala, tlhapi kapa likhoho.
  • Kamora ho phekola leqeba.
  • Kamora ho thimola, ho khohlela kapa ho phunya nko ea motho.
  • Kamora ho ts'oara liphoofolo kapa litšila tsa liphoofolo.
  • Kamora ho ama litšila
  • Kamora ho ama ka bokaholimo libakeng tsa sechaba. [4]

Mokhoa oa ho hlapa matsoho[edit | fetola mohloli]

Ho hlakile hore ho hlatsoa matsoho a motho ka sesepa le metsi kamehla ke tloaelo ea bohlokoa ea bophelo bo botle. Le ha ho le joalo, ho tšoarana ka matsoho ho sebetsa feela haeba ho etsoa ka nepo. Ho hlapa matsoho ka nepo ho tlameha ho kenyelletsa:

  • Kamehla hlatsoa matsoho ka sesepa le metsi a hloekileng. Li-soaps tse tloaelehileng li sebetsa hantle joalo ka sesepa se thibelang baktheria. Haeba sesepa se sa fumanehe, molora o ka sebelisoa e le setsi.
  • Mokhoa o mong o sebetsang oa ho hlatsoa matsoho - le ho boloka metsi - ke ho sebelisa sanitizer ea letsoho e nang le bonyane 60% ea joala, ha tsena li fumaneha. Ha motho a e-na le joala bo bongata, ho hlokahala hore a sebelisoe hantle. Li-sanitizer tsa letsoho li ka rekoa litlolong tsa litlama kapa lisuphamaketeng. Leha ho le joalo, ha tsena li sa fumanehe ka sesepa le metsi a hloekileng a tsamaeang hantle li sebetsa hantle ka tsela e tšoanang.
  • Tšoaea matsoho a hau hammoho ka matla bonyane metsotsoana e mashome a mabeli. Tsamaisetsa pakeng tsa menoana, mokokotlo oa matsoho, matsoho le matsoho.
  • Hlatsoa matsoho a hau hantle ka metsi a phallang.
  • Tsosa matsoho a hau hantle ka thaole e hloekileng. [5]

Baahi ba bang ha ba na metsi a mangata a hloekileng a phallang. Ho fihlela hajoale, re bone hore metsi a hloekileng, a phallang a bohlokoa hore a hlatsoe matsoho a hau hantle e le hore o ka sireletsoa khahlanong le vaerase e sa bonahale. Karolong e latelang, re sheba seo re ka se etsang ha metsi a hloekileng a phallang a sa fumanehe.

Mekhoa e meng ea ho netefatsa hore metsi a hloekileng a tsoile[edit | fetola mohloli]

Haeba metsi a hloekileng, a phallang a sa fumanehe habonolo, metsi a fumanoang linōkeng kapa matamong a ka phekoloa e le hore a se na likokoana-hloko tse sa bonahaleng. Ka bokhutšoanyane, kalafo e lokela ho kenyelletsa:

(a) Ho siling: Sena se kenyelletsa ho tlosa likaroloana tse kholo mme hangata ho feta 50% ea likokoana-hloko metsing.

(b) Ho sefa: ho tlosa likarolo tse nyane metsing a litšila 'me khafetsa ho fihla ho 90% ea likokoana-hloko tse sa bonahaleng.

(c) Ho hlakola metsi a litšila e le mohato oa ho qetela ts'ebetsong ea kalafo ho tla khelosa le ho bolaea likokoana-hloko tse setseng. [6]

Filositi ea Biosand e tla silisa, e sefa le ho bolaea likokoana-hloko tsa metsi a litšila, 'me e bonolo ho e haha e entsoe ke Setsi sa Metsi a Metsi le Lijana tsa Tikoloho. Eya ho lisebelisoa.cawst.org/package/biosand-filter-instruction-manual-en, ho jarolla buka ea tsa kaho.

Ha metsi a se a hloekisitsoe, e lokela ho ba teng ha u hlatsoa matsoho. Lisebelisoa tse 'maloa tse bonolo, li sebelisa lisebelisoa tse bonolo tsa ho paka li ka hahuoa. Peter Morgan o hlophisitse buka e buang ka boiphihlelo ba hae Zimbabwe. E re fumaneha ho: https: //wwwaquamor.info

Qeto[edit | fetola mohloli]

Ho hlapa matsoho khafetsa le sesepa kapa molora le metsi a phallang ke mokhoa o theko e boima haholo ho thibela ho ata ha mafu a tšoaetsanoang. Ha seoa sa lefats'e se kang lefu la COVID-19 se sokela bophelo ba rona, liphetoho tse ngata tse fapaneng tsa boits'oaro tse kang ho fifala sechabeng le ho roala lifahleho tsa sefahleho ha setjhaba di hlokahala.

Reference List[edit | fetola mohloli]

  1. Rotterdam M.L. (1984). Hygienic hand disinfection. Accessed at: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedz/6358686
  2. [ii] World Health Organisation. How can personal hygiene be maintained in difficult circumstances? Accessed at: https://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/emergencies/qa/emergencies.qa17/en/
  3. UNICEF The State of the Workd's Children. 2008. Child survival. Accessed at: UNICEF.org/publications/files/The-State-of-the-World's-Children
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. When and How to Was your Hands. 4 December 2019. Accessed at: https://www.cdc.gov/handwashing/when-how-handwashing.html
  5. Mayo Clinic. The right way to wash your hands. Accessed at: mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/hand-washing/art-20046253
  6. Centre for Affordable Water and Sanitation Technology. Biosand filter. Accessed at: resources.cawst.org/package/biosand-filter-instruction-manual-en