Canary Islands

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Lihlekehleke tsa Canary (/ kəˈnɛəri /; Sepanishe: Islas Canarias, e bitsoa [ˈislas kaˈnaɾjas]), eo hape e tsejoang ka mokhoa o sa reroang e le Canaries, ke sehlekehleke sa Spain le sechaba se ikemetseng ka ho fetisisa se ikemetseng sa Spain se Leoatleng la Atlantic, sebakeng se tsejoang e le Macaronesia , Lik'hilomithara tse 100 (62 miles) ka bophirima ho Morocco sebakeng se haufi haholo.

Lihlekehleke tsa Canary li fumaneha Sebakeng sa Afrika sa Tectonic, leha li-archipielago e le tsa moruo le lipolotiki tsa Europe, kaha ke karolo ea European Union.

Lihlekehleke tse kholo tse robeli (ho tloha ho tse kholo ho isa ho tse nyane haholo sebakeng seo) Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, La Palma, La Gomera, El Hierro le La Graciosa. Sehlekehleke sena se kenyelletsa lihlekehleke le lihlekehleke tse ngata tse nyane: Alegranza, Isla de Lobos, Montaña Clara, Roque del Oeste le Roque del Este. E boetse e kenyelletsa letoto la majoe a haufi (a Salmor, Fasnia, Bonanza, Garachico le Anaga). Mehleng ea khale, ketane ea sehlekehleke e ne e atisa ho bitsoa "Lihlekehleke tsa Mahlohonolo". Lihlekehleke tsa Canary ke sebaka se ka boroa ho Spain ebile ke sehlekehleke se seholo le se nang le baahi ba bangata sa Macaronesia. Ho latela nalane, lihlekehleke tsa Canary li nkuoa e le borokho lipakeng tsa lik'honthinente tse 'ne: Afrika, Amerika Leboea, Amerika Boroa le Europe.

Ho 2019, Lihlekehleke tsa Canary li ne li na le baahi ba 2,153,389 le palo ea baahi ba 287.39 ka km2, e le sechaba sa borobeli se ikemetseng ka ho fetisisa. Baahi ba lihlekehleke tsena ba shebane haholo le lihlekehleke tse peli tse kholo: ho potoloha 43% sehlekehlekeng sa Tenerife le 40% sehlekehlekeng sa Gran Canaria.

Mabopo a lihlekehleke, boemo ba leholimo le libaka tsa bohlokoa tsa tlhaho, haholo-holo Maspalomas a Gran Canaria le Teide National Park le Mount Teide (Sebaka sa Bohlokoa ba Lefatše) se Tenerife (seretse se chesang se tharo se selelele ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng se lekantsoeng ho tloha botlaaseng ba sona botlaaseng ba leoatle), etsa hore e be teng sebaka se seholo sa bahahlauli se nang le baeti ba fetang limilione tse 12 ka selemo, haholo-holo Tenerife, Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura le Lanzarote. Lihlekehleke li na le boemo ba leholimo bo chesang le mongobo, 'me ho na le lehlabula le lelelele le mariha a futhumetseng. Maemo a pula le boemo ba ho lekanyetsa leoatleng bo fapana ho latela sebaka le bophahamo. Libaka tse tala hammoho le lehoatata li teng sehlekehlekeng sena. Ka lebaka la sebaka sa tsona se kaholimo ho mocheso o khelosang mocheso, lithaba tse telele tsa lihlekehleke tsena li loketse ho bonoa ke bolepi ba linaleli. Ka lebaka lena, litsi tse peli tsa litsebi, e leng Teide Observatory sehlekehlekeng sa Tenerife le Roque de los Muchachos Observatory sehlekehlekeng sa La Palma, li hahiloe lihlekehlekeng tsena.

Ka 1927, Setereke sa Canary Islands se ile sa aroloa ho ba liprofinse tse peli. Motse o ikemetseng oa Lihlekehleke tsa Canary o thehiloe ka 1982. Motse-moholo oa oona o arolelanoa ke litoropo tsa Santa Cruz de Tenerife le Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, tseo le tsona e leng litoropo tsa liprofinse tsa Santa Cruz de Tenerife le Las Palmas. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria esale e le toropo e kholo ho li-Canaries ho tloha ka 1768, ntle le nako e khuts'oane ho li-1910. Pakeng tsa karohano ea libaka tsa 1833 tsa Spain le 1927, Santa Cruz de Tenerife e ne e le ona feela motse-moholo oa Lihlekehleke tsa Canary. Ka 1927, taelo e ile ea laela hore motse-moholo oa lihlekehleke tsa Canary o arolelanoe, kaha o ntse o le teng le joale. Toropo ea boraro e kholo ka ho fetisisa lihlekehlekeng tsa Canary ke San Cristóbal de La Laguna (Sebaka sa Bohlokoa ba Lefatše) ho Tenerife. Toropo ena e boetse ke lehae la Consejo Consultivo de Canarias, e leng sehlopha se phahameng sa lipuisano tsa Lihlekehleke tsa Canary.

Nakong ea Mmuso oa Spain, li-Canaries e ne e le libaka tse ka sehloohong tsa ho emisa likepe tsa Spain ha li le tseleng e eang Amerika, tse neng li tla boroa ho ts'oara meea e neng e atile ea leboea-bophirima.