Cyril Ramaphosa

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Cyril Ramaphosa
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Cyril Ramaphosa (2015)
President of South Africa
Ambassador to
Assumed office
15 Dibokwane 2018
Preceded byJacob Zuma
Deputy President of South Africa
Ambassador to
In office
26 Mopitlo 2014 – 14 Dibokwane 2018
PresidentJacob Zuma
Preceded byKgalema Motlanthe
President of the African National Congress
Ambassador to
Assumed office
18 Manthole 2017
Preceded byJacob Zuma
Chairman of the National Planning Commission
Ambassador to
Assumed office
3 kuNhlangulana 2014
PresidentJacob Zuma
Preceded byTrevor Manuel
Deputy President of the African National Congress
Ambassador to
In office
18 Manthole 2012 – 18 Manthole 2017
PresidentJacob Zuma
Preceded byKgalema Motlanthe
Succeeded byDavid Mabuza
Secretary General of the ANC
Ambassador to
In office
1991–1997
PresidentNelson Mandela
Preceded byAlfred Baphethuxolo Nzo
Succeeded byKgalema Motlanthe
Personal details
Born (1952-11-17) 17 1952 (age 66)
Soweto, Transvaal
Nationalityafrika-Borwa
Political partyAfrican National Congress
Spouse(s)Dr. Tshepo Motsepe
Children4
Alma materUniversity of South Africa, Damelin
OccupationBusinessman, trade unionist, politician.
Cyril Ramaphosa

Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa (ea tsoaloang ka 17 November 1952) ke ralipolotiki oa Afrika Boroa. Ke Mopresidente oa bohlano le oa morao-rao oa Afrika Borwa, ka lebaka la ho itokolla ha Jacob Zuma, [1] ka mor'a ho khetha likhetho tsa Seboka sa Sechaba ka la 15 February, 2018. [2] Pele e ne e le mohanyetsi oa ba-apartheid, moeta-pele oa bonngoe le mohoebi, e bile Motlatsi oa Mopresidente oa Afrika Borwa ho tloha ka 2014. [3] O ile a khethoa e le Mopresidente oa African National Congress (ANC) Kopanong ea Naha ea ANC Nasrec, South of Johannesburg ka December 2017. Hape ke molula-setulo oa National Commission Commission, [4] which is responsible for strategic planning for the future of South Africa, with the goal of rallying the nation "around a common set of objectives and priorities to drive development over the longer term" e ikarabellang bakeng sa moralo oa merero ea bokamoso ba Afrika Boroa, ka sepheo sa ho tsosolosa sechaba "ho pota-pota sepheo se le seng sa merero le lintho tse tlang pele bophelong ho khanna nts'etsopele ka nako e telele." [5]

O hlomphuoa e le motho ea nang le bokhoni ba ho buisana le [7] le setsebi sa thuto [8] ea ileng a sebetsa e le Mookameli oa likopano oa ANC nakong ea phetoho ea demokrasi Afrika Boroa. [9] Ramaphosa o ile a haha ​​konteraka e kholo le e matla ka ho fetisisa Afrika Boroa-National Union of Mineworkers (NUM). [10] O ile a phetha karolo ea bohlokoa ka Roelf Meyer oa National Party, nakong ea lipuisano ho tlisa qetello ea khotso ho khethollo ea lipolotiki le ho etsa hore naha e fihle ho khetho ea eona ea pele ea demokrasi ka April 1994. [11] Ramaphosa e ne e le khetho ea Nelson Mandela bakeng sa mopresidente oa nakong e tlang. [12] Kajeno, Cyril Ramaphosa o tsejoa e le mohoebi ea tummeng 'me o hakantsoe ka chelete ea liranta tse limilione tse 450 [13] a nang le matlo a 31 [14] le pele a ne a e-na le matlotlo a bohlokoa likhamphaning tse kang McDonald's South Africa, molula-setulo oa lebokose la MTN le setho sa ea boto bakeng sa Lonmin.

Ho sa tsotellehe bopaki ba hae e le mothetsi oa bohlokoa oa phetoho ea khotso ea Afrika Boroa ho ea ho demokrasi, o boetse o nyelisitsoe ka ho feletseng ka boitšoaro ba lithahasello tsa hae [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] le hoja a e-s'o ka a e-ba teng a qosoa ka lebaka la ketso e sa lumelloang ke molao leha e le efe ea likhang tsena. Litšebelisano tsa khoebo li kenyelletsoa ho ba molula-setulo oa MTN Group nakong ea ho hlaseloa ke MTN Irancell [20] [21] [22] ha mohiruoa oa pele ea neng a sa tsotellehe, e leng Chris Kilowan, a bolela hore mokhatlo ona o fuoe ba boholong Iran [23], leha ho le joalo Sephetho sa Komisi ea Hoffmann se ile sa phetha ka ho re: "Komiti eo e ile ea hlakola MTN 'me ea fumana hore Monghali Kilowan ea faneng ka lipolelo tse peli ka ho qosoa ha Turkcell khahlanong le Rephabliki ea Iran le ho kenngoa litabeng tsa United States khahlanong le MTN, e bontšoang e le fantasist le theorist ea bolotsana '"[24]; ho kopanngoa ha hae le Glencore [25] le liqoso tsa ho rua molemo ka ntle ho mashala a sebetsang le mashala a Eskom ao a ileng a a latola ka matla, [26] [27] [26] nakong eo Glencore a neng a le teng molemong oa liketsahalo tsa khoebo tse amang Tony Blair ka Bochabela bo Hare; le mosebetsi oa hae ho boto ea batsamaisi ba Lonmin ha ba ntse ba nka bohato bo tsitsitseng ha polao ea Marikana e ne e etsahala mehahong ea Lonmin's Marikana. Ka la 15 August 2012, o ile a kōpa khato khahlanong le seqhomane sa basebeletsi ba Marikana, seo a ileng a se bitsa "boitšoaro bo bobe ba tlōlo ea molao". Hamorao o ile a lumela 'me a ikoahlaela hore ebe o keneletse ketsong ena' me a re e ka be e qojoe haeba merero ea boipheliso e ne e entsoe pele ho lekala la mosebetsi. Ke setho sa moloko oa Venda.

Bophelo ba pele le thuto[edit | fetola mohloli]

Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa o hlahetse Soweto, Johannesburg, ka la 17 November 1952. [30] [31] Ke eena oa bobeli ho bana ba bararo ba Erdmuth le Samuel Ramaphosa, mapolesa a tlohetseng mosebetsi. O hōletse Soweto, a ea Sekolong sa Mantlha sa Tshilidzi le Sekolo Ntoane High School moo. [33] Ka 1971, o ile a ngolisoa sekolong se phahameng sa Mphaphuli Sibasa, Venda. Hamorao o ile a ingolisa ho ithuta molao Univesithing ea Leboea (Turfloop) ka 1972. [34]

Ha a ntse a le univesithing, Ramaphosa o ile a kenella lipolotiking tsa barutoana 'me a ikopanya le South African Students Organization (SASO) [35] le Black People's Convention (BPC). [36] Sena se ile sa fella ka hore a koalloe a koaletsoe a le mong ka likhoeli tse leshome le motso o mong ka 1974 tlas'a Karolo ea 6 ea Molao oa Likhukhuni, bakeng sa ho hlophisa likopano tsa pro-Frelimo. [37] Ka 1976 o ile a tšoaroa hape, ka mor'a merusu e Soweto, 'me a tšoaroa ka likhoeli tse ts'oaretsoeng John Vorster Square tlas'a Molao oa Bokhukhuni. [37] Ka mor'a ho lokolloa, e ile ea e-ba moemeli oa molao oa tiishene ea Johannesburg ea bo-ralikete 'me a tsoela pele ka lithuto tsa hae tsa molao ka ngollano le Univesithi ea South Africa (UNISA), moo a ileng a fumana B. Proc. Degree ka 1981. [38]

Setsebi sa lipolotiki le moeta-pele oa mokhatlo oa machaba[edit | fetola mohloli]

Ka mor'a hore a finyelle litlhoko tsa hae tsa molao le ho fumana lengolo la hae, Ramaphosa o ile a ikopanya le Lekhotla la Machaba a Kopaneng Afrika Boroa (CUSA) e le moeletsi lefapheng la molao. [33] [39] Ka 1982, CUSA e ile ea kōpa hore Ramaphosa a qale mokhatlo oa basebetsi ba lirafshoa [33]; kopano ena e ncha e ile ea qala ka selemo se le seng 'me ea bitsoa National Union of Mineworkers (NUM). Ramaphosa o ile a tšoaroa Lebowa, a qosoa ka ho hlophisa kapa ho rera ho kopanela libokeng motseng oa Namakgale o neng o thibetsoe ke mastrata oa moo. [40]

Loantša bochaba[edit | fetola mohloli]

Ka August 1982, CUSA e ile ea ikemisetsa ho theha National Union of Mineworkers (NUM), 'me ka December Ramaphosa ea e-ba mongoli oa eona oa pele. Ramaphosa e ne e le mohlophisi oa kopano ka litokisetso tse lebisang tlhophisong ea Congress of South African Trade Union (COSATU). O ile a fana ka puo ea sehlooho sebokeng sa kopano ea Cosatu Durban ka December 1985. Ka March 1986 e ne e le karolo ea baemeli ba COSATU ba ileng ba kopana le African National Congress Lusaka, Zambia.

Ramaphosa o khethiloe hore e be Mongoli oa Kakaretso oa Kopano, boemo boo a ileng a bo tšoara ho fihlela a itokolla ka June 1991, [42] ka mor'a khetho ea hae e le Mongoli-kakaretso oa African National Congress (ANC). Tlas'a boeta-pele ba hae, bonngoe ba bonngoe bo ile ba eketseha ho tloha ho 6,000 ka 1982 ho ea ho 300 000 ka 1992, ho fana ka taolo ea hoo e ka bang halofo ea basebetsi bohle ba batsho indastering ea merafo ea Afrika Boroa. Joaloka Mongoli e Kakaretso, eena, James Motlatsi (Mopresidente oa NUM) le Elia Barayi (Motlatsi oa Motlatsi oa NUM) le bona ba ile ba lebisa basebetsi ba merafong se seng sa liketsahalo tse kholo ka ho fetisisa historing ea Afrika Boroa.

Ka December 1988, Ramaphosa le litho tse ling tse hlaheletseng tsa setereke sa Soweto ba ile ba kopana le ramotse oa Soweto ho buisana le mathata a ho lefa rente.

Ka January 1990, Ramaphosa o ile a tsamaisa batšoaruoa ba ANC ba Lusaka, Zambia. Ramaphosa e ne e le molula-setulo oa Komiti ea Naha ea Boipheliso, e ileng ea lumellana le litokisetso tsa ho lokolloa ha Nelson Mandela le liboka tse amohelehang tsa Afrika Boroa, hape e bile setho sa Komiti ea Machaba ea Moputso oa Mandela. O khethiloe e le Mongoli-Kakaretso oa ANC sebokeng se neng se tšoaretsoe Durban ka July 1991. Ramaphosa e ne e le Moprofesa oa Molao ea neng a etetse Univesithing ea Stanford, United States ka October 1991.

Ka 1985, NUM e ile ea khaotsa ho tloha CUSA 'me ea thusa ho theha Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU). Ha COSATU e kopanela le mokhatlo oa lipolotiki oa United Democratic Front (UDF) khahlanong le 'muso oa National Party oa P. W. Botha, Ramaphosa o ile a etella pele ho tsejoang e le Mass Democratic Movement (MDM).

Ha Nelson Mandela a lokolloa chankaneng, Ramaphosa o ne a le Komiting ea Naha ea ho Amohela.

Mongoli-kakaretso oa ANC[edit | fetola mohloli]

Ka mor'a khetho ea hae e le Mongoli-Kakaretso oa African National Congress ka 1991, e ile ea e-ba mookameli oa sehlopha sa lipuisano sa ANC ho buisana ka bofelo ba khethollo ea lipolotiki le 'muso oa National Party. Ka mor'a khetho ea pele ea demokrasi ka 1994, Ramaphosa e ile ea e-ba setho sa paramente; o ile a khetheloa ho ba molula-setulo oa Mokhahlelo oa Motheo oa Molao oa Motheo ka la 24 Mphalane 1994 'me a phetha karolo ea bohlokoa ho' muso oa bonngoe ba naha.

Ka mor'a hore a hlōle peisong ea ho ba Mopresidente oa Afrika Boroa ho Thabo Mbeki, o ile a itokolla mesebetsing ea hae ea lipolotiki ka January 1997 'me a fallela sechabeng, moo a ileng a ba mookameli oa New Africa Investments Limited. O ile a fihla ka lekhetlo la pele likhethong tsa 1997 ho Komiti ea National Executive of the ANC. [44]

Le hoja e se setho sa Mokhatlo oa K'homphieutle oa Afrika Boroa (SACP), Ramaphosa o boletse hore ke mo-socialist ea ikemetseng.

Mecha ea phatlalatso e ile ea tsoela pele ho bua ka Ramaphosa ho kena peisong bakeng sa mopresidente oa ANC ka 2007, ka pel'a mookameli oa Afrika Boroa oa 2009.

Leha ho le joalo, o ile a re ha a thahaselle mopresidente. Ka la 2 September 2007, The Sunday Times e tlaleha hore Ramaphosa o ne a le sehlopheng sa likhetho, empa mantsiboeeng ao o ne a lokolitse polelo ea hae hape ho ts'ehetsa boitlamo leha e le bofe.

Ka December 2007, o ile a boela a khethoa ho Komiti ea Lekhotla la National of the ANC, lekhetlong lena a le lilemo li 30 le likhetho tse 1 910. [44]

Ka la 20 Mphalane 2012, setho se hlaheletseng sa ANC sa Afrikaner, Derek Hanekom, se ile sa kōpa Ramaphosa hore a e'o ba Mopresidente oa ANC, a re "Re hloka baeta-pele ba motsoalle oa Cyril." Kea tseba hore Cyril o sebetsa hantle haholo, empa ke lakatsa eka o tla beha tsohle tsa hae chelete ka ho tšeptjoa 'me u phahamele boemo bo phahameng le bo phahameng haholo ". Le hoja ho ne ho sa tsejoe hore Ramaphosa o tla mathela Mopresidente oa ANC kapa a se ke a tseba, o ile a leka ho khutsisa khopolo-taba ka ho arabela maikutlo a Hanekom ka ho re "U sitoa ho bala letho [ho seo a se buileng].

E ile ea e-ba mokhethoa bakeng sa Motlatsi oa Motlatsi ka la 17 December 2012 'me a kena peisong ka tšehetso e matla ea kampo ea Zuma. Ka la 18 December 2012, o khethiloe e le Motlatsi oa Mopresidente oa ANC. Cyril Ramaphosa o ile a fumana likhetho tse 3 018, athe Mathews Phosa a amohela likhetho tse 470 me Tokyo Sexwale a fumana likhetho tse 463.

Motlatsi oa Mopresidente oa Afrika Boroa[edit | fetola mohloli]

Ramaphosa o khethiloe hore e be Motlatsi oa Mopresidente oa Jacob Zuma ka la 25 Mantaha 2014, mme a hlapanyelloa ke Moahloli e Moholo Mogoeng Mogoeng letsatsing le hlahlamang. Ka mor'a hore a khethoe, Ramaphosa e ile ea etsoa Moeta-pele oa Khoebo ea 'Muso ho Paramente ea Sechaba ka karolo ea 91 (4) ea Molaotheo. Boikarabello ba hae bo kenyeletsa: Ts'ebetsong ea tsamaiso ea sechaba ka Paramente; lenaneo la khoebo ea paramente e qalileng ke mookameli oa naha, nakong ea nako e behiloeng bakeng sa morero ona le ho netefatsa hore litho tsa K'habone li kopanela boikarabelong ba bona ba paramente.

Ka la 3 Kamora 2014, Mopresidente Jacob Zuma o ile a phatlalatsa hore Ramaphosa o tla khethoa e le molula-setulo oa National Planning Commission, le Letona la Mopresidente bakeng sa Tokiso, Jeff Radebe e le motlatsi oa Motlatsi oa Motlatsi oa Komisi.

Ka July 2014, Ramaphosa o ile a bitsa bonngoe naheng, ka mor'a hore Julius Malema a letsetsa lipina tsa lipina tsa naha ea Seafrikanse. Ramaphosa o itse: "Re mothating oa ho haha ​​sechaba 'me re tlameha ho fana ka letsoho la setsoalle, letsoho la ho ts'oanela ho khutlisetsa puso ho ba nahanang hore pina ea sechaba ha e emele, hape e ka etsahala mahlakore ka bobeli".

Mopresidente oa ANC[edit | fetola mohloli]

Ramaphosa e 'nile ea nkoa e le moemeli oa mopresidente' me a qeta likhetho tsa Mopresidente oa 1997, a lahleheloa ke Thabo Mbeki. [47]

Ramaphosa o ile a phatlalatsa hore o tla batla Mopresidente oa ANC ka 2017, ka nako ea hae ea bobeli ho Mopresidente. [48] Ramaphosa o ile a qala polelo ea hae ea letšolo ka # CR17 Siyavuma. [49]

Ka August 2017, Ramaphosa o fumane tumello ea mokhatlo oa COSATU, National Union of Mineworkers hammoho le boeta-pele ba ANC ba Northern Cape, Eastern Cape le Gauteng. Batho ba bang ba ileng ba tsoela pele ho tšehetsa Ramaphosa ba kenyeletsa le mosebeletsi oa thuto ea bitsoang Angie Motshekga, mopresidente oa Cosatu Sdumo Dlamini, eo e kileng ea e-ba mopresidente oa lichelete Pravin Gordhan le moemeli oa pele oa KwaZulu-Natal Senzo Mchunu. [50]

Ka la 18 December, 2017, Ramaphosa o khethiloe e le mopresidente oa ANC moketeng oa 54th Elective Conference, a hlōla mohanyetsi oa hae, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, eo e neng e le mosali oa Mopresidente Zuma, ka likhetho tse 2440 ho ea ho 2261. [51] [52]

Dikamano tsa naha[edit | fetola mohloli]

China[edit | fetola mohloli]

Ka 2015 Ramaphosa o fihlile Beijing, Chaena ka leeto la mmuso. Ramaphosa o ile a etella pele baemeli ba 'Muso, khoebo ea' muso, le batho ba khoebo. Ramaphosa o ile a buisana ka makhetlo a mahlano le moruo le Motlatsi oa Motlatsi, Li Yuan Chao 'me a kopana le Li Qiang, Mopresidente oa Lekhotla la Naha la People's Republic of China. Lipuisano tse peli pakeng tsa Ramaphosa le molekane oa hae oa Chaena Li Yuan Chao, li ne li lebisitse tlhokomelo khoebong, matsete, tšebelisano, tšebelisano ea lichelete (ho akarelletsa le BRICS New Bank Bank), nts'etsopele ea litsebo le lisebelisoa tsa matla.

Lipuisano tsena tse peli li ile tsa etsahala nakong ea lenaneo la lilemo tse hlano ho ea leshome leo Mopresidente Jacob Zuma a ileng a bua ka lona ha a etela China ka 2014.

Vietnam le Singapore

Ramaphosa o ile a etela matsatsi a mabeli a Vietnam le Singapore. [53] Ramaphosa o re Afrika Boroa le Vietnam li hloka ho eketsa khoebo. Linaha tse peli le tsona li lumellane ho sebelisana haholoanyane ka thuto. Maeto a mabeli a ho sebetsa a ile a etsoa ho tiisa likamano tsa lipolotiki, tsa moruo le tsa khoebo tse teng linaheng tse peli tsa Afrika Boroa le linaha tse peli. Ketelo ea Singapore e ile ea fa baemeli ba Afrika Boroa, ba etelletsoeng ke Ramaphosa ka monyetla oa ho ithuta ka mokhoa oa Singapore oa katleho ea moruo le karolo ea likhoebo tsa 'muso le kholo ea moruo le merero ea naha ea tsoelo-pele. Khoebo e kopanetsoeng e eketsehile haholo le Singapore e le molekane oa bobeli oa khoebo oa bobeli Afrika Bohareng. Ka 2014 khoebo ea linaha tse peli e ne e le R28.9 limilione tse likete ho bapisoa le R23.5 limilione tse likete ka 2015. Lesotho

Ramaphosa o ile a etela Lesotho ka 2016 e le mohokahanyi oa SADC, SADC. Ramaposa o ile a mo etela ka mofuthu ho Morena oa hae Morena Letsie III le Prime Minister, Phakalitha Mosisili le baeta-pele ba hae ba machaba. Ramaphosa o ile a ea Lesotho ho tiisa khotso le ts'ireletso pele ho SADC Seboka sa Lihlooho tsa Machaba le Mebuso. Ramaphosa e ne e le karolo ea boikarabelo ba SADC Double Troika e ileng ea tšoareloa Gaborone, Botswana, ka June 2016, ho tsamaisa baeta-pele ba mokha oa lipolotiki ho ea Lesotho ho tsoa Afrika Boroa.

Moruo[edit | fetola mohloli]

Nedlac[edit | fetola mohloli]

Ka August 2016 Ramaphosa o ile a khetha sehlopha sa batho ba supileng ho fana ka keletso mabapi le boemo bo loketseng moo moputso oa bonyane o ka behoang teng. Ramaphosa o ile a etsa sena ka mookameli oa Komiti ea Melao-motheo ea Sechaba ea Lekhotla la National Development Development (NEDLAC). Komiti e na le baemeli ba mmuso, basebetsi, khoebo le sechaba. O ile a qosoa ka ho etsa qeto ea moputso oa bonyane oa naha.

Bobolu[edit | fetola mohloli]

Ka November 2016 ha a ntse a bua Sebokeng sa Puso ea Limpopo, Ramaphosa o re bobolu e ne e le motso oa moruo oa naha. Ramaphosa o re Mmuso oa Afrika Boroa le sechaba sa Afrika Boroa se tlameha ho fumana mokhoa oa ho loantša bobolu, le hoja a sa bo bolele ka lebitso. Ramaphosa o re seboka sena se lokela ho sheba ho sebetsana le boleng le botebo ba baeta-pele har'a likarolo tsa sechaba le tsa batho ba ikemetseng ka ho khomarela Leano la Ntšetso-pele ea Sechaba.

A etella pele ho Seboka sa Naha sa ANC sa 53 se buang ka tlhokahalo ea ho tlosa bobolu ho ANC. Puong ea hae ea pele ho Seboka e le moetapele oa ANC, o ile a itlama ho felisa bobolu. [56]

Jacob Zuma o tlohela mookameli le mookameli[edit | fetola mohloli]

Ka mor'a hore Mopresidente Jacob Zuma a boele a hopoleloe ke Komiti ea National Executive of African National Congress ho ne ho e-na le likhopolo-taba tsa hore o tla itokolla kapa a tobane le tumello ea ho tšeptjoa ke sehlopha se busang ka la 15 February, 2018.

Ka la 14 February, 2018, Jacob Zuma o ile a bua le sechaba 'me a re le hoja a sa lumellane le qeto ea ANC ea ho mo hopotsa hore o tla etsa seo ba se kōpileng mme a phatlalatsa ho itokolla ha hae ka potlako. Ka lebaka leo, ka boemong ba hae e le Motlatsi oa Mopresidente, Ramaphosa o ile a fetoha Mopresidente oa Boipheliso ho latela Molao-motheo oa Afrika Boroa. [2] [3]

Mookameli[edit | fetola mohloli]

Ka mor'a hore Zuma a itokolle mosebetsing, Ramaphosa o khethiloe e le Mopresidente oa Afrika Boroa ke Lekhotla la Sechaba ka la 15 February, 2018. Hona joale ke Mopresidente oa Afrika Boroa.

Mosebetsi oa Khoebo[edit | fetola mohloli]

Har'a tse ling, ke molula-setulo oa batsamaisi oa Shanduka Group, khamphani eo ae thehileng. Sehlopha sa Shanduka se na le matsete ho Lefapha la Lisebelisoa, Lefapha la Matla, Real Estate, Banking, Insurance, le Telecoms (SEACOM). Hape ke molula-setulo oa The Bidvest Group Limited, le MTN. Baokameli ba hae bao e seng batsamaisi ba kenyelletsa Macsteel Holdings, Alexander Forbes le Standard Bank. Ka March 2007 o ile a khethoa hore e be Mookameli ea Kopaneng ea Sehlopha sa Makhotla oa Mondi, sehlopha se ka sehloohong sa lipampiri le liphutheloana tsa machaba, ha khamphani e senyeha ho tloha Anglo American plc. Ka July 2013 o ile a tlohela mosebetsi ho tloha boto ea SABMiller plc.

Ke e mong oa banna ba ruileng haholo Afrika Boroa, [58] le Forbes ba lekanyang leruo la hae ka $ 675 million. [59]

Ka 2011 Ramaphosa o ile a lefa tumellano ea lilemo tse 20 tsa franchise ho tsamaisa lireschorente tse 145 tsa McDonald South Africa. Nakoana ka mor'a khetho ea kakaretso ea 2012 Ramaphosa o ile a phatlalatsa hore o tla tlosa Shanduka ho phetha boikarabelo ba hae bo bocha e le Motlatsi oa Mopresidente ntle le hore ho be le likhohlano tsa thahasello. Afrika Boroa ea McDonald o phatlalalitse hore ho tla ba le ts'ebetso ea hore Ramaphosa e be moemeli oa nts'etso-pele oa lijo ka potlako Afrika Boroa.

Ka 2014 ka mor'a hore e be Motlatsi oa Mopresidente oa Afrika Boroa, Register ea Litho tsa Litho tsa 'Muso, e behoa paramente, e senole leruo la Ramaphosa. Ho feta moo, Raphomone Ramaphosa a bokelletsoe likarolong tsa khampani, litokomane li bontšitse hore mokhatlo oa pele oa khoebo le mohoebi oa khoebo o ne a e-na le matlo a 30 Johannesburg le lifolete tse peli Cape Town. Lenane lena le boetse le netefalitse ho tlohela mosebetsi oa Ramaphosa ho tloha Lonmin, e leng tataiso eo a ileng ae nyatsa nakong ea Polao ea Marikana ka 2012.

Sehoai[edit | fetola mohloli]

Nakong ea ho etela Uganda ka 2004 Ramaphosa o ile a thahasella mefuta ea likhomo tsa Ankole. Ka lebaka la mehato e sa lekanyetsoang ea thibelo ea mafu Uganda, 'muso oa Afrika Boroa o ile oa mo latola tumello ea ho kenya leha e le efe ea mofuta oo. Ho e-na le hoo Ramaphosa o rekile likhomo tse 43 ho tsoa mookameli oa Uganda Yoweri Museveni 'me a li romela Kenya. Moo likhomo li ne li etsoa ka maiketsetso, mahe a emang a tlosoa 'me a romeloa Afrika Boroa, a fetisetsoa likhomo ebe o aroloa ka likhoeli tse peli. Ho tloha ka August 2017 Ramaphosa o ne a e-na le likhomo tse 100 tsa ho kenya liphoofolo tsa polasi polasing ea Ntaba Nyoni Mpumalanga. [60] [61]

Ka 2017 Ramaphosa o ile a ngolla buka e buang ka mefuta ea liphoofolo, Liphoofolo tsa Mehla, Lipale le Litšoantšo tsa Liphoofolo tsa Ankole tsa Afrika Boroa. [62]

Bophelo ba botho[edit | fetola mohloli]

Ramaphosa ke motho ea ikhethang mme ha ho tsejoe haholo ka bophelo ba hae. Ramaphosa o kile a nyaloa ke mosali oa khoebo, Nomazizi Mtshotshisa, empa banyalani bao ba ile ba hlalana. Hamorao o ile a nyala Tshepo Motsepe, [63] morali'abo rōna oa limilione tse likete tsa Afrika Boroa Patrice Motsepe. [64] Ramaphosa o na le bana ba bane. [65] O na le matlo a maruo a R30,000,000 maotong a Lions Head Cape Town. Ramaphosa o tsejoa e le e mong oa batho ba ruileng ka ho fetisisa Afrika Boroa, 'me chelete e hakanyetsoang ke chelete e fetang $ 450,000,000' me e hlahile limakasineng tsa lichelete tse kang Forbes Africa le Bloomberg.

Ramaphosa ke eena mothehi oa Motheo oa Cyril Ramaphosa.

Lipuisano[edit | fetola mohloli]

Ho Polaoa ha Marikana, [66] joalokaha ho boletsoe mecheng ea litaba, ho ile ha etsahala ha mapolesa a qhaqha mosebetsi ka basebetsi ba Lonmin ba "koppie" (maralleng) haufi le bolulo ba Nkaneng Marikana ka la 16 August 2012. Ka lebaka la mapolesa ho thunngoa, basebetsi ba merafong ba 34 ba ile ba shoa 'me ba lematsa basebetsi ba limilione tse 78 ba ntšetsa bohale le ho hoeletsa khahlanong le mapolesa le' muso oa Afrika Boroa. Ho ile ha e-ba le phehisano e eketsehileng ka mor'a hore ho sibolloe hore boholo ba bahlaseluoa ba thunngoa morao [67] 'me bahlaseluoa ba bangata ba thunngoa hōle le mapolesa. Pefo ea 16 August 2012 e bile eona tšebeliso e mpe ka ho fetisisa ea matla ka mabotho a tšireletso Afrika Boroa khahlanong le baahi ho tloha pheletsong ea khethollo ea khethollo.

Nakong ea Komeshene ea Marikana, ho ile ha boela ha hlahisoa hore tsamaiso ea Lonmin e ile ea kōpa Ramaphosa, eo e neng e le moemeli oa Lonmin le ANC heavyweight, ho tsamaisana le "likhohlano" khahlanong le boipelaetso ba "batlōli ba molao" 'me kahoo ho bonahala ba bangata ba ikarabella bakeng sa polao. ]

Tlas'a lipatlisiso tsa Komiti ea Farlam, Ramaphosa o re Lonmin e ile ea qobella 'muso le SAPS hore li fumane mapolesa a mangata Lonmin' me ka lekhetlo la bobeli ho hlalosa se neng se etsahala e le senokoane ho e-na le liketsahalo tsa khoebo.

Komiti ea Lipatlisiso ea Marikana e ile ea qetella e fumane hore ka lebaka la lefu le neng le se le etsahetse, ho kenella ha hae ha hoa ka ha etsa hore mapolesa a eketsehe setšeng, ebile ha aa ka a tseba hore ts'ebetso e tla etsahala ka 16 August. [73]

Ka August 2017, Ramaphosa o ile a kenella ts'ebetsong e neng e bolela hore o ne a le likarolong tse 'maloa tsa ho kopanela liphate' me o ne a ameha ho lefa chelete ho batho ka bomong ha a ntse a boloka litaba. Hamorao Ramaphosa o ile a latola liqoso tsa boipolelo ba hore li ikemiselitse lipolotiking e le hore a qete letšolo la hae la mopresidente. [74]

Li-doctorate tse hlomphehang le likhau[edit | fetola mohloli]

Ramaphosa o fumane li-doctorate tse hlomphehang ho Univesithi ea Natal, Univesithing ea Port Elizabeth, Univesithing ea Cape Town, Univesithing ea North, National University of Lesotho, Univesithi ea Massachusetts Boston [75] le Univesithi ea Pennsylvania. Ka October 1991, e ne e le Moprofesa oa Molao ea neng a etela Univesithing ea Stanford.

Ramaphosa o ile a fuoa moputso oa Olof Palme Stockholm ka October 1987.

O ile a fuoa Honorary Actuary ke Mokhatlo oa Actuarial oa Afrika Boroa bakeng sa karolo ea hae ea ho ntlafatsa litsebi tsa sebele tsa batho ba tsoang melokong ea batho ba futsanehileng Afrika Boroa.

Ka 2004, o ile a khethoa e le 34 ho batho ba baholo ba Afrika Boroa ba Top 100.

Ramaphosa e kenyelelitsoe Time ea 2007, [76] lenane la selemo le selemo la banna le basali ba 100 ba nang le matla, talenta kapa mohlala oa boitšoaro ba fetola lefatše.

Libaka tsa machaba[edit | fetola mohloli]

Karolong ea hae ea ho ba mohoebi, Ramaphosa ke setho sa Lekhotla la Boeletsi la International Co-Coca-Cola hammoho le Unilever Africa Advisory Council. O ne a boetse a le motlatsi oa setulo sa molula-setulo oa Commonwealth Business Council.

Hammoho le mopresidente oa khale oa Finland, Martti Ahtisaari, o khethiloe hore e be mohlophisi oa libaka tsa ntoa tsa Iraq Republican Army Northern Ireland. Ramaphosa ke setsi sa Honorary Consul sa Iceland se Johannesburg, South Africa.

Nakong ea mahlomola a Kenya a 2007-2008 a ileng a latela likhetho tsa Mopresidente Mwai Kibaki ka December 2007, Ramaphosa o ile a khethoa ka bobeli ke sehlopha sa lipuisano se neng se etelitsoe ke Kofi Annan hore e be moemeli ea ka sehloohong ea ikarabellang lipuisanong tsa nako e telele. Leha ho le joalo, mmuso oa Kibaki o ile oa bontša hore ha a khotsofale ka khetho ea Ramaphosa, a re o sebelisana le mohanyetsi oa Kibaki Raila Odinga, 'me ka la 4 February, Annan o ile a lumela hore Ramaphosa a tlose mosebetsi oa mokena-lipakeng. Ho ea ka Ramaphosa, Odinga o ile a mo etela ka 2007, empa o ne a se na "thahasello e khethehileng" e neng e tla etsa hore a amohele ka lehlakoreng le leng; empa leha ho le joalo, o re ha a khone ho ba mokena-lipakeng ntle le " tšepo le tšepo ea mekhatlo eohle "le hore ka lebaka leo o ile a ikutloa ho le molemo hore a khutlele South Africa ho qoba ho ba tšitiso lipuisanong.

Litlhahiso[edit | fetola mohloli]

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  1. "Ramaphosa now acting president after Zuma's resignation". Times Live. 2018-02-15. Retrieved 2018-02-15. 
  2. "Cyril Ramaphosa fulfils Acting President role". South African Government News Agency. 15 February 2018. 
  3. Ferreira, Emsie (25 May 2014). "Few surprises in Zuma's new Cabinet". News24. SAPA. Retrieved 25 May 2014. Template:Dead link
  4. "NPC Commissioners". National Planning Commission (in en-US). 4 February 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  5. "National Planning Commission". National Planning Commission (in en-US). Retrieved 12 August 2017. 

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