Ho arohanngwa ha batho Semelo

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Ho arohanngwa ha batho[edit | fetola mohloli]

Semelo[edit | fetola mohloli]

Lekholong le fetileng la lilemo le bone letoto la mafu a seoa a ntaramane a hasaneng ka potlako ho potoloha lefatše. Li-pandemics li simoloha ho livaerase tsa ntaramane ea liphoofolo tse potang ka tlhaho hara tsona le ho tšoaetsa mefuta ea linonyana le liphoofolo tse anyesang. [1] Nako le nako likokoana-hloko tsena tsa liphoofolo li fetoloa likokoana-hloko tsa batho, tse fetisetsoang ho tloha mothong o mong ho ea ho motho. Li bitsoa ts'oaetso ea zoonotic hobane e tsoa ho liphoofolo.


Ho arohana ha setjhaba (ho bitswang ka nepo ka ho fetelletseng e bitswang mmele) ho bohlokoa ho thibela le ho kenyelletsa ho hasana ha mafu a seoa a makhopho a kang COVID-19. Ho tsamaisa 'mele feela ho bolela ho boloka sebaka pakeng tsa hau le batho ba bang bao u kopanang le bona libakeng tsa sechaba, kapa ho qoba libaka tse joalo neng kapa neng ha ho khoneha.[2] Ngaka Jeff Kwong ke setsebi sa mafu a tšoaetsanoang a tsoang Univesithing ea Toronto, ea fanang ka maikutlo a hore poleloana ea ho pharalla ha mmele e fana ka se nepahetseng haholo seo batho ba tlamehang ho se etsa ho thibela phetiso mme ha e bolele ho itšehla thajana.[3] Litsebi li tiisitse tlhokahalo ea ho ikopanya le metsoalle le baratuoa nakong ea seoa.


Ho utloisisa ts'ebetso ea ho pharalla ha 'mele, re qala ka ho hlahloba mohlala o bonolo oa kotlo ea seoa e qapiloeng ke litsebi tsa mafu a tšoaetsanoang. Ho latela mohlala ona o bonolo, ho sebelisoa data le linyeoe tse tsoang seoa sa Covid-19 se sa sebetseng. Re qala ka data e tsoang China, moo lefu la seoa le qalileng teng ebe re latela ntšetso-pele ea lefu la seoa / lefu la Covid-19 Afrika Boroa. Sena se fana ka motheo oa ho lekola tšusumetso ea ho fifala hoa 'mele ho thibela le ho kenyelletsa ho phatlalla ha seoa sa Covid-19. Re phethela sengoloa ka ho sheba hore na litlamorao tse mpe tsa ho fokola mmeleng li ka qojoa le ho hlola joang.


Moetso o bonoang oa lefu la seoa / seoa [4]

Mafu a tšoaetsanoang a kang COVID-19 a tšoaetsana joalo ka mekhahlelo e meraro. Mehato ena e bontšitsoe setšoantšong se ka tlase.


Setšoantšo: 1 Graph sa seoa se bakoang ke Toby Morris. TheSpinoff 9 Match 2020 [5]


Litsebi tsa mafu a tšoaetsanoang li bua ka mekhahlelo e meraro e bonts'itsoeng setšoantšong se kaholimo joalo ka lefu la seoa. Lefu la seoa le hlahisa setšoantšo sa palo ea linyeoe tse netefalitsoeng tsa lefu le tšoaetsanoang le sekhahla seo tšoaetso e namang ka mor'a nako.

  1. Phapang ea pele e etsahala qalong ea kotana. Haeba motho a sebelisa ho ata ha lefu la seoa la Covid-19 joalo ka mohlala, sena se ka tšoaea qaleho ea ho ata ha lefu lena, ha ho ne ho na le linyeoe tse fokolang tse netefalitsoeng.
  2. Karolo ea bobeli ea lefu lena la seoa e bonts'a "karolo ea sechaba".[6] Sena ke ha liketane tsa ts'oaetso ea batho li hola ha batho ba sa tsoa tšoaetsoa .. Karolo ena e tšoaetsoa ke keketseho e matla ea palo ea ts'oaetso e tiisitsoeng letsatsi le leng le le leng, ho ntse ho thatafala haholoanyane ho etsa ts'ebetso ea ho latela litaba tsa sechaba .. Ba boholong ba bangata ba ile ba arabela ka ho tima lipalangoang tsa sechaba metseng e amehileng le ho fokotsa phallo ea sechaba, ho latela Molao oa machaba oa Heath[7] Melawana ea Machaba ea Heath ke semolao sa molao se thehiloeng ke Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo ho thibela. , laola le ho arabela likotsi tsa bophelo bo botle ba sechaba tse ka hasang lipakeng tsa linaha. Mehato ena e ka lipelong tsa protocol ea boiketlo ba sechaba le 'mele (e hlahlobisisitsoeng ka tlase). Li etselitsoe ho "nyenyefatsa" ka ho fokotsa palo ea ts'oaetso e ncha. Mohopolo ona o bontšoa setšoantšong se ka tlase.


Setšoantšo sa 2: Ho fapanyetsana lesira.

  1. Karolo ea boraro ea seoa sa seoa se bonts'a hore seoa se hlahisitsoe ka taolo, kapa hore ha ho na ts'oaetso e ncha.

Khahlano le semelo sena ho hlakile hore mafu a tšoaetsanoang a mafu a tšoaetsanoang a kang COVID-19 a hasana ka potlako ho palo ea batho ka lebaka la kotlo e tobileng ea motho ho kopana le batho. Phallo ea sechaba le ea 'mele ke e' ngoe ea mehato ea bohlokoa e sebelisoang ho sitisa le ho jala mafu a tšoaetsanoang.

Phokotso ea mmele[edit | fetola mohloli]

Phokotso ea 'mele ke tloaelo ea bophelo bo botle ea sechaba e ikemiselitseng ho thibela batho ba kulang hore ba se ke ba kopana haufi le batho ba phetseng hantle ho fokotsa menyetla ea phetiso ea mafu a tšoaetsanoang le a tšoaetsanoang. Ho kenyelletsa mehato e meholo e kang ho beha lithibelo tsa toropo le naha ka bophara le liketso tsa motho ka mong tse kang ho khetha ho qoba libaka tsa sechaba. Mehato e meholo e atisoa hangata ke ba boholong sechabeng joalo ka mebuso ea naha. Mohlala oa tekanyo e joalo ke ho koaloa ha naha ka bophara Afrika Boroa ho tloha ka khitla ka la 26 Hlakubele 2020 ho fihlela har'a mp'a bosiu ka la 16 Mmesa 2020, 'me kamora nako ea matsatsi a 14. Ho koaloa ho ile ha kenngoa ho latela Karolo ea 27 (2) ea Molao oa Tsamaiso ea Likoluoa.[8] mme a bea lithibelo tse fapaneng, tse reretsoeng ho fokotsa likamano pakeng tsa batho. Har'a lintho tse ling, karolo ea 11B ea melao:

  • Ho thibeloa batho bohle ho ea matlong a bona, ntle le ba etsang lits'ebeletso tsa bohlokoa 'me ho seng joalo ba lumella ho tsamaea feela ho fumana thepa le lits'ebeletso tsa bohlokoa.
  • E thibela liboka tsohle tsa sechaba ntle le mapato, a ka 'nang a se ke a tla ho batho ba fetang 50.
  • E thibela motsamao lipakeng tsa liprofinse
  • Prohibits movement between metropolitan and district areas.
  • E lumella mabenkele a mabenkele a fanang ka thepa ea bohlokoa hore e sebetse hafeela ba netefatsa sebaka sa metara e le 'ngoe lipakeng tsa bareki le ho latela maemo a bohloeki (joalo ka ho fana ka bohloeki ba letsoho le lisebelisoa) le litloaelo tsa bophelo bo botle ba sechaba tse lekang ho pepesetsoa ts'oaetso ea COVID-19.

Le Melao e:

  • Thibela maeto a leoatle le moea.
  • Thibela thekiso ea joala le lihlahisoa tsa koae.
  • Fokotsa phallo ea lipalangoang tsa sechaba.[9]


Ntle le moo, melao e boetse e matlafatsa balaoli ba naha le ba liprofinse ho ikhetholla kapa ho khetha batho ba itseng. Mehato ea karabelo e thibela ho tsamaea ha batho ba neng ba ka pepesehela coronavirus ka ho ba tlama sebakeng sa ho arola nako e behiloeng ka nako e itseng. Mehato ea ho itšehla thajana

Aforika Borwa - morekisi[edit | fetola mohloli]

Mehato ena kaofela e bile le tšusumetso e kholo ho fokotseng le ho ata ha lefu la COVID-19 mme Afrika Boroa e hlahile e le moetapele oa lefats'e ka bophara ho polokelo ea lefu lena.[10] Afrika Boroa, "ha ea latela seoa se lebelletsoeng mahlaka. ” Ho fihlela hajoale, e se e fetotse karolo ea bobeli ea seoa sa lefu lena ho tloha ha ho e-ba le keketseho e kholo ea linyeoe kapa karolo ea ts'oaetso ea sechaba. Sebakeng seo tekanyetso ea linyeoe tse ncha e fumanoeng e fokotsehile ho tloha ho 42% ho isa ho 4% kamora ho koaloa ha bolulo.[11] Sena se supa hore phetisetso ea sechaba e ne e le tlase kahoo ho bile le ho theoha ha palo ea ts'oaetso e ncha.

Naha e kentse sehlopha se seholo sa Basebeletsi ba Bophelo ba Sechaba ho etsa liteko tsa ntlo le ntlo sechabeng.

Ha a bua le sechaba ka seea-le-moea sa thelevishene ka la 9 Mmesa 2020 Mopresidente Cyril Ramaphosa o supile sena maemong a phahameng a ho latela melao ea koalo:

"U hlompha ho koaloa ha thepa mme u hlokometse haholo melao. U amohetse lithibelo tse matla mokhatlong oa hau le bolokolohi bo bongata ba letsatsi le letsatsi boo bohle re bo nkang habobebe. ”[12]

Litsebi tsa mafu a tšoaetsanoang li lemositse hore ho ata ha tšoaetso e ncha ho ntse ho ka khoneha. Ho kenella hoa mmuso ho "fokotsitse ts'oaetso ea bongata, 'me sepheo sa rona se se se qalile' me re fumane nako."

Qeto[edit | fetola mohloli]

COVID-19 ke lefu le tšoaetsanoang le ileng la ata ka potlako ho potoloha lefatše ho tloha ha ho tlalehiloe linyeoe tsa pele toropong ea Wuhan profinseng ea Hubei ea China ho tloha bofelong ba selemo sa 2019. 1) taolo le thibelo ea seoa sena le (2) lipatlisiso tsa mahlale. "[13] bo-rasaense ba Ma-China le litsebi tsa bongaka ba kentse letsoho haholo ho tsebeng sebakanyana sa thuto ea bophelo bo botle mme boetapele ba Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo bo ne bo le bohlokoa ho phahamisa karabo ea seoa sena se etsahetseng ka 2020.

Phallo ea sechaba le ea 'mele e ipakile e le bohlokoa ho thibela le ho laola phetisetso ea lefu lena joalo ka ha bopaki bo tsoang Afrika Boroa bo bontša ka ho hlaka. Setsi sa Taolo ea Mafu le Ts'ireletso ea Centers se khothalelitse hore, "Ho bohlokoa haholo ho buisana le metsoalle le ba lelapa ba sa luleng ha hau. Ho letsa, qoqa ka video kapa u lule u hokahane u sebelisa mecha ea litaba ea sechaba. Motho e mong le e mong o amohela ka tsela e fapaneng maemong a sithabetsang mme ho ba thata ho arohana le motho eo u mo ratang ho ka ba thata. Litsebi tsa bongaka li khothaletsa hore ho lebisoe tlhokomelo e khethehileng ho fokotsa likotsi tsa kelello tsa ho fokola sechabeng.

Reference List[edit | fetola mohloli]

  1. https://www.who.int/influenza/resources/documents/pandemic_guidance_04_2009/en
  2. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/social-distancing.html
  3. Pearce Katir. What is social distancing and how can it dliw the spread of COVID-19? 13 March 2020. The Hub. Johns Hopkins University
  4. https://www.who.int/influenza/resources/documents/pandemic_guidance_04_2009/en
  5. https://thespinoff.co.nz/society/09-03-2020/the-three-phases-of-covid-19-and-how-we-can-make-it-manageable
  6. https://thespinoff.co.nz/society/09-03-2020/the-three-phases-of-covid-19-and-how-we-can-make-it-manageable
  7. https://www.who.int/ihr/publications/9789241580496/en
  8. https://www.gov.za/documents/disaster-management-act
  9. https://www.greengazette.co.za/documents/regulation-gazette-4138-of-25-march-2020-vol-657-no-11062_20200325_GGR-43148
  10. Hollington M and Bennet M. South Africa's world-class fight against COVID-19:The data tells the story. Coronavirus Op-Ed. Daily Maverick
  11. https://sacoronavirus.co.za/category/press-releases-and-notices.
  12. South African Government. President Cyril Ramaphosa: Extension of Coronavirus COVID-19 lockdown to the end of April
  13. Wang Jian-Wei, Cao Bin and Wang Chen. Science in the fight against the novel coronavirus disease. China Medical Journal: 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) collection. Available at:https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/journals/2337/