Mediterranean Sea

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Mediterranean

Leoatle la Mediterranean ke leoatle le hokahantsoeng le Leoatle la Atlantic, le pota-potiloe ke Leoatle la Mediterranean mme le koetsoe ka botlalo ke mobu: ka leboea ke Boroa ba Yuropa le Anatolia, ka boroa ke Leboea la Afrika, le ka bochabela ke Levant. Le ha ka linako tse ling leoatle le nkuoa e le karolo ea Leoatle la Atlantic, hangata le bitsoa metsi a arohaneng. Bopaki ba jioloji bo supa hore lilemong tse ka bang limilione tse 5.9 tse fetileng, Mediterranean e ile ea khaoloa ho tloha Atlantic mme e ile ea hlakoloa ka botlalo kapa ka ho felletseng ka nako ea lilemo tse ka bang 600,000 nakong ea qaka ea letsoai la Mesia pele e tlatsoa ke moroallo oa Zanclean lilemong tse ka bang limilione tse 5.3 tse fetileng.

E koahela sebaka se ka bang 2,500,000 km2 (970,000 sq mi), e emelang 0.7% ea bokaholimo ba lefatše, empa khokahano ea eona le Atlantic ka tsela ea Strait of Gibraltar — mochophoro o patisaneng o hokahanyang Leoatle la Atlantic le Leoatle la Mediterranean mme o arola Spain Europe ho tloha Morocco ho la Afrika — e bophara ba lik'hilomithara tse 14 feela. Ho Oceanography, ka linako tse ling e bitsoa Leoatle la Eurafrican Mediterranean, Leoatle la Europe la Mediterranean kapa Leoatle la Afrika la Mediterranean ho e khetholla ho leoatle la Mediterranean libakeng tse ling.

Leoatle la Mediterranean le na le botebo bo bolelele ba limithara tse 1,500 (4,900 ft) mme ntlha e tebileng ka ho fetisisa e tlalehiloeng ke 5,267 m (17,280 ft) ho Calypso Deep ka Leoatleng la Ionia. E pakeng tsa maqhubu a 30 ° le 46 ° N le bolelele ba 6 ° W le 36 ° E. Bolelele ba eona bophirima-bochabela, ho tloha Strait ea Gibraltar ho ea Koung ea Iskenderun, lebopong le ka boroa-bochabela ho Turkey, e ka ba lik'hilomithara tse 4,000 (2,500) me).

Leoatle e ne e le tsela ea bohlokoa bakeng sa bahoebi le batsamai ba mehleng ea khale, e neng e thusa phapanyetsano ea khoebo le setso lipakeng tsa batho ba sebaka seo. Nalane ea sebaka sa Mediterranean e bohlokoa haholo ho utloisisa tšimoloho le nts'etsopele ea mekhatlo e mengata ea sejoale-joale. 'Muso oa Roma o ile oa boloka leqhubu la leoatle ka leoatle ka makholo a lilemo.

Linaha tse potileng Mediterranean ka tatellano ea nako ke Spain, France, Monaco, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia le Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria le Morocco; Malta le Cyprase ke linaha tsa lihlekehleke tse leoatleng. Ntle le moo, Gaza Strip le libaka tsa Borithane tsa mose ho maoatle tsa Gibraltar le Akrotiri le Dhekelia li na le mabopo a leoatle leoatleng.